What Are The Four Main Types Of Crushers?


Crushers are machines that are used to reduce the size of rocks or other objects by applying force. There are many different types of crushers, but they all have one thing in common: they move at high speed, crushing materials against each other. The speed at which they move is what makes them different from hammers and shovels, which work much more slowly.

The Four Main Types of Crushers


Over the centuries, people have devised clever ways to make these techniques more efficient, much like modern manufacturing technology has made producing large-scale products produce in smaller quantities (for example by using computerized machinery).

  1. Hammer Crusher

The most common type of crushing machine used is called a hammer mill or an impact mill (a new name for the same device). A hammer mill normally consists of three main parts, a cylindrical body known as the “hammer”, which turns on its axis, movable jaws that move along with the cylinder, and headstock that holds the jaws in place to keep them moving steadily.

The rock is placed between two movable mandrels (or “jaws”) which are shaped like the letter C (see picture). The hammer moves inside this C-shaped frame, one side of which bites into and crushes large rocks or boulders. When you hear someone refer to a rock crusher as an impact mill it means that they’re referring to hammers. If you need breaking news about Hammer Crusher, sneak a peek at this web-site.

  1. Cone Crusher

As the name suggests, cone crushers are shaped like cones (see picture). These usually consist of horizontal cylinders known as heads that rotate on crank shafts attached to one end and fixed shoes at the other (like bath sponges connected with their own handles). The material is placed between them; drum hammers then crush it against the head by bouncing movement up and down its length until all sides have been ground down to a uniform size.

Cone crushers have been used since the late eighteenth century, and modern versions are often equipped with swiveling ends so that they can be rotated horizontally in order to finish off ground materials. They work very quickly but can sometimes “jerk” when not being fed or moved under load for long periods of time making them unsuitable for some applications where considerable amounts of feed material must yet be removed from the ground.

  1. Impact Crusher

This is a comparatively recent development and was originally known as the bucket wheel hammer. The wheels of an impact crusher (also called ball hammers or stone rollers) can be separated into two parts, like those found on an electric drill, see picture. One side moves up and down inside a cylinder set at right angles to its axis, this end performs the crushing operation while the other rotates inside the cylinder. The material crushed is dropped into a hopper at the bottom of the cylinder, which draws it up under pressure through holes between each pair of rollers to allow its escape from them all along its length as fast as possible. Since the cylinder rotates, material is crushed on both sides of any given rollers.

  1. Jaw crusher


Developed in the late 19th century, this is perhaps more accurately described as types of impact crusher that nonetheless retains some similarities to true jaw Crushers. While most modern machines are powered by electric motors, traditional models had reciprocating pistons attached to long uprights for removing material from stone quarries. As with other large rollers used on concrete mixers, crushing beyond the relatively soft natural size range offered no problem so inefficient energy use was not a consideration. In contrast, an impact crusher with traditional design might utilize as little as 5% of the energy it took to crush rock using more advanced roller mill technology.


This blog post provides a brief overview of the four main types of crushers. It should be noted that there are numerous other types of crushers that have not been discussed in this article. If you have any questions or comments, please leave them below.